Perception of Key Players’ Interest in Establishing Ayoke Island as a Tourist Destination in Promoting Economic Development

Mariae Khrisna B. Arreza, Sharon Lee R. Arreza


Ayoke Island is a small fishing community with over seventy families. Almost half of the island is a marine protected area, making it a perfect tourist destination that can contribute to the economic stability of the residents of Ayoke. The sense of community is the main factor that dictates the conditions of tourism development. The growth of tourism is unsustainable without the interest and participation of key players to act out their roles and responsibilities. The opportunity for Ayoke to become a tourist destination relies on the interest and understanding of key players to perform their functions. The involvement of key players in fostering the growth and development of tourism ushers the protection of the community and hinder abuse of the resources that harms the community and the environment. To capture the perception of key players that include residents and the local government, researchers conducted a descriptive type of study using questionnaires that indicate statements encompassing the roles and responsibilities of key players concerning the tourism development in their level of interest in establishing Ayoke as a tourist destination.  The study reveals that interest level in tourism development of key players is highly significant. The local government is extremely interested while the residents are not at all interested.



residents perception; level of interest; tourism development

Full Text:



Aref, F., Gill, S.S. and Farshid, A. (2010). Tourism development in local communities: As a community development approach. Journal of American Science, 6, 155 - 161.

Bopp, M., Germann, K. & Smith, N. (2000). Assessing Community Capacity for Change, New York .

Haukeland, J.V. (2011). Tourism stakeholders’ perceptions of national park management in Norway. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 19(2), 133-153. doi: 10.1080/09669582.2010.517389.

Jamal, T. and Stronza, A. (2009). Collaboration theory and tourism practice in protected areas: Stakeholders, structuring, and sustainability. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 17 (2), 169-189. doi: 10.1080/09669580802495741.

Javier, A. and Elazigue, D. (2011). Opportunities and challenges in tourism development roles of local government units in the Philippines. Retrieved from

Johnson, J.D., Snepenger, D.J. & Akis, S. (1994). Residents’ perceptions of tourism development. Annals of Tourism Research, 21 (3), 629-642. doi: 10.1016/0160-7383(94)90124-4.

Kim, S., Park, E. and Phandanouvong, T. (2014). Barriers to local residents’ participation in community-based tourism: Lessons from Houay Kaeng Village in Laos. SHS Web of Conferences, 12, 01045. 4th International Conference on Tourism Research (4ICTR). doi:

King, B., Pizam, A. & Milman, A. (1993). Social impacts of tourism: Host perceptions. Annals of Tourism Research, 20(4), 650-665. doi: 10.1016/0160-7383(93)90089-L.

Lacy, T. D., Battig, M., Moore, S. and Noakes, S. (2002). Public/ private partnerships for sustainable tourism. In Delivering a sustainability strategy for tourism destinations: Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation APEC Tourism Working Group.

Lankford, S. V. (1994). Attitudes and perceptions toward tourism and rural regional development. Journal of Travel Research, 32(3), 35–43. doi:

Marzuki, A. (2012). Local residents’ perceptions towards economic impacts of tourism development in Phuket. Tourism, 60(2), 199-212. Retrieved from

McCool, S.F. (2009). Constructing partnerships for protected area tourism planning in an era of change and messiness. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 17(2), 133-148. doi:

McCool, S.F. and Martin, S.R. (1994). Community attachment and attitudes toward tourism development. Journal of Travel Research, 32(3), 29-34. doi:

Min, Z., Xiaoli, P. and Bihu, W. (2014). Research on residents' perception on tourism impacts and attitudes - A Case Study of Pingyao Ancient City. A: Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism. "6th Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU): TOURBANISM, Barcelona, 25-27 gener". Barcelona: IFoU, 2012, p. 1-10.

Muganda, M., Sirima, A. and Ezra, P.M. (2013). The role of local communities in tourism development: Grassroots perspectives from Tanzania. Journal of Human Ecology, 41(1), 53-66. doi: 10.1080/09709274.2013.11906553.

Murphy, P.E. (1985). Tourism: A community approach. New York: Methuen, Inc.

Simão, J. and Môsso, A. (2013). Residents' perceptions towards tourism development: The case of Sal Island. International Journal of Development Issues, 12(2), 140-157.

Simmons, D.G. (1994). Community participation in tourism planning. Tourism Management, 15 (2), 98-108. doi: 10.1016/0261-5177(94)90003-5.

Spenceley, A. (Ed.). (2008). Responsible tourism. Sterling, VA: Earthscan.

Theron, F. (2005). Public participation as a micro-level development strategy, in Davids, F. Theron and K. J. Maphunye. Participatory Development in South Africa. A Development Management Perspective. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.

Timothy, D.J. and Tosun, C. (2003). Appropriate planning for tourism in destination communities: Participation, incremental growth, and collaboration. In: (eds) Singh, S., Timothy, D.J. and Dowling, R.K. Tourism in Destination Communities, 181-204. doi:10.1079/9780851996110.0181.

Williams, J. and Lawson, R. (2001). Community issues and resident opinions of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 28 (2), 269-290. doi:


  • There are currently no refbacks.

SDSSU Multidisciplinary Research Journal (SMRJ)

North Eastern Mindanao State University (NEMSU)
Research Journal Publication Office
Rosario, Tandag City Surigao del Sur 8300, Philippines

p-ISSN: 2244-6990
e-ISSN: 2408-3577