Human Development and Competitive Industrial Performance Index: Predictors of Poverty Incidence Across Countries

Mark Vincent T. Cortez


The occurrence from claiming destitution in the world is higher over the previous estimates have proposed. The main reason is that it has implicitly underestimated the cost of living in most developing countries. Conclusively, the latter indicates that to explain poverty incidence is to consider several explicit dynamics. Economies considered an industrial advancement for a better performance, human development, and resources to have an impact in alleviating poverty incidence of the entire populace. Human Development Index (HDI) ranking and Competitive Industrial Performance (CIP) Index were used in the study as the predictors in determining the poverty incidence. Moreover, it aimed to generate a linear model on the poverty occurrence using these predictors in a given country. Based on the result, these two explanatory variables found to have significant effect on the poverty incidence. Therefore, in addressing poverty, the government should consider the human development and competitive industrial performance index in formulating policies and programs that were found in this study to have impact on poverty incidence.


human development index; competitive industrial performance index; poverty threshold; linear model

Full Text:



Gallardo, G. (2009). The human development index as an effort to measure well-being in Honduras. The 3rd OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) World Forum on “Statistics, Knowledge and Policy”. Charting Progress, Building Visions, Improving Life. Busan, Korea. October 27-30, 2009. Last retrieved on September 25, 2016 at

Garau, M., Shah, K.K., Sharma, P. and Towse, A. (2015). Is the Link between health and wealth considered in decision making? Results from a qualitative study. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 31(6), 449–456.

Igbalajobi, O., Fatuase, A. and Ajibefun, I. (2013). Determinants of poverty incidence among rural farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria. American Journal of Rural Development, 1(5), 131-137.

Korankye, A. (2014). Causes of poverty in Africa: A review of literature. American International Journal of Social Science, 3(7), 147-153. Last retrieved on September 25, 2016 at

Lusted, M. (2010). Poverty. Edina, Minn.: ABDO Pub. p.31. ISBN 9781604539578.

Osborne, J.W. and Overbay, A. (2004). The power of outliers (and why researchers should always check for them). Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation. Volume 9. Last retrieved on December 21, 2017 from

Oyeshola, D. (2007). Development and poverty: A symbiotic relationship and its implication in Africa. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines, 4(4), 553–558.

Paul, R.K. (2014). Multicollinearity: Causes, effects and remedies. Last retrieved on December 21, 2017 from 498.1478&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Sinding, S. (2009). Population, poverty and economic development. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci., 364(1532), 3023–3030. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2009.0145. Last retrieved on September 25, 2016 at

Statistics Solutions. (2013a). Normality [WWW Document]. Last retrieved on December 21, 2017 from

Statistics Solutions. (2013b). Homoscedasticity [WWW Document]. Last retrieved on December 21, 2017 from

UNDP (2003). Human development report 2003. New York. Oxford University Press.

UNIDO (2002). Industrial development report 2002/2003: Competing through innovation and learning. United Nations Industrial Development Organization. Last retrieved on September 25, 2016 at

UNIDO (2004). Industrialization, environment and the millennium development goals in Sub-Saharan Africa. United Nations Industrial Development Organization. Industrial Development Report of 2004. Last retrieved on December 21, 2017 from

UNIDO (2014). Competitive industrial performance report of 2014. United Nations Industrial Development Organization. An Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development. Last retrieved on September 25, 2016 at

White, H. and Killick, T. (2001). African poverty at the millennium: Causes, complexities, and challenges. Washington, D.C.: World Bank. p.27. ISBN 0821348671.

World Bank (2016). Development goals in an era of demographic change. A global monitoring report of 2015-2016. Last retrieved on September 25, 2016 at


  • There are currently no refbacks.

SDSSU Multidisciplinary Research Journal (SMRJ)

North Eastern Mindanao State University (NEMSU)
Research Journal Publication Office
Rosario, Tandag City Surigao del Sur 8300, Philippines

p-ISSN: 2244-6990
e-ISSN: 2408-3577